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Key topics
 The big picture
 Stock price formation
 Fundamental value analysis
 
International corp. governance


Incentive mechanisms
 Decision system
 
Performance monitoring
 Incentive based compensation
 Bankruptcy system
 Ownership structure
 Creditor structure
 Capital structure
 Market for corporate control
 
Labor market competition
 
Product market competition


Related topics
 
Transaction cost economics
 Positive economics


 

 


Encyclopedia references

Using references: To find the full reference of Coase [1960] click Ci-Cz below and move down alphabetically on the resulting web page. Tip: Click Ci-Cz to get the page containing Coase. Then type [Ctrl + F] to launch the find function. Type Coase and click find.

A-Ak  Al-Az  B-Ba  Bb-Bl  Bm-Bz  C-Ch  Ci-Cz  D-De  Df-Dz  E  F  G-Gq  Gr-Gz  H-Ha  Hb-Hn  Ho-Hz  I  J-Ja  Jb-Jz  K-Ke  Kf-Kz  L-Ld  Le-Lz  M-Maq  Mar-Mat  Mau_Me  Mf-Mz  N  O  P-Pn  Po-Pz  Q  R  S-Sg  Sh-Ss  St-Sz  T  U  V  W-Wh  Wi-Wz  Y  Z  Ø


Le-Lz  

Lee, Ahyee, Ronald L. Moy, and Cheng F. Lee (1996). “A Multivariate Test of the Covariance Co-Skewness Restriction for the Three Moment CAPM,” Journal of Economics and Business, 48, 515-523.

 

Lee, W. H. (1987). “The Effect of Exchange Offers and Stock Swaps on Equity Risk and Shareholders’ Wealth: A Signalling Model Approach,” Ph.D. dissertation, UCLA.

 

Lee, D. Scott, Wayne H Mikkelson, M. Megan Partch (1992). "Managers' Trading Around Stock Repurchases," The Journal of Finance, 47, 5, 1947-1962.

 

Lee, Darrell E. and James G. Tompkins (1999). “A Modified Version of the Lewellen and Badrinath Measure of Tobin’s Q,” Finacial Management, 28, 1, 20-31.

 

Leech, D., and J. Leahy (1991). “Ownership Structure, Controll Type Classifications, and the Performance of Large British Companies,” The Economic Journal, 101, 1418-1437.

 

Leonard, J. S. (1990). “Executive Pay and Firm Performance,” Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 43, 3, 13S-29S.

 

Leroy, Stephen F., and Richard D. Porter (1981). “Stock Price Volatility: Test Based on Implied Variance Bounds,” Econometrica, 49, 555-574.

 

Levin, R. C., W. M. Cohen, and D. C. Mowert (1985). “R&D Appropriability, Opportunity, and Market Structure: New Evidence on some Schumpeterian Hypotheses,” American Economic Review, Papers and Procedings, 75, 20-24.

 

Levin, Sharon G., and S. L. Levin (1982). “Ownership and Control of Large Industrial Firms: Some New Evidence,” Review of Business and Economic Research, Spring, 37-49.

 

Levy, Harm (1982). “Economic Valuation of Voting Power of Common Stock,” Journal of Finance, 38, 79-93.

 

Lewellen, Jonathan (1999). “The Time-Series Relations Among Expected Return, Risk and Book-to-market,” Journal of Financial Economics, 54, 5-43.

 

Lewellen, Wilbur G. (1968). “Executive Compensation in the Large Industrial Corporations,” New York: National Bureau of Economic Research.

 

Lewellen, Wilbur G. (1969). “Management and Ownership in the Large Firm,” Journal of Finance, May, 299-322.

 

Lewellen, Wilbur G., and S. G. Badrinath (1997). “On the Measurement of Tobin’s Q,” Journal of Financial Economics, 44, 77-122.

 

Lewellen, Wilbur G., and Blaine Huntsman (1970). “Managerial Pay and Corporate Performance,” American Economic Review, 60, 4, 710-720.

 

Lewellen, Wilbur G., Claudio Loderer, and Ahron Rosenfeld (1985). “Merger Decisions and Executive Stock Ownership in Aquiring Firms,” Journal of Accounting and Economics, 7, 209-231.

 

Lewellen, Wilbur G., Claudio Loderer, and Kenneth Martin (1987). “Executive Compensation and Executive Incentive Problems: An Empirical Analysis,” Journal of Accounting and Economics, 9, 3, 287-310.

 

Lewellen, Wilbur G., T. Park, and B. Ro (1996). “Self-serving Behaviour in Managers’ Discretionary Information Disclosure Decisions,” Journal of Accounting and Economics, 21, 2, 227-252.

 

Liang, Bing (2000). “Portfolio Formation, Measurement Errors, and Beta Shifts: A Random Sampling Approach,” Journal of Financial Research, xxiii, 3, 261-284.

 

Li, Mingfang, and Roy L. Simerly (1998). "The Moderating Effect of Environmental Dynamism on the Ownership and Performance Relationship," Strategic Management Journal, 19, 196-179.

 

Lichtenberg, F. R. (1992). “Corporate Takeovers and Productivity,” Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

 

Lichtenberg, F. R., and G. Pushner (1992, chapter 6). “Ownership Structure and Corporate Performance in Japan,”NBER Working Paper, No. 4092, June, Cambridge, MA.

 

Lichtenberg, F. R., and D. Siegel (1987). “Productivity and Changes in Ownership of Manufactoring Plants,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Special Issue on Micro Economics, 643-673.

 

Lichtenberg, F. R., and D. Siegel (1990a). “The Effects of Ownership Change on the Employment and Wages of Central Office and Other Personel,” Journal of Law and  Economics, 33, 383-408.

 

Lichtenberg, F. R., and D. Siegel (1990b). “The Effects of Leveraged Buyouts on Productivity and Related Aspects of Firm Behaviour,” Journal of Financial Economics, 25, 165-194.

 

Lichtenberg, F. R., and D. Siegel (1992). “Takeovers and Corporate Overhead,” In F. R. Lichtenberg, Corporate Takeovers and Productivity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

 

Liebenstein, H. (1966). “Allocative Efficiency as ‘X-Inefficiency’,” American Economic Review, 56, 392-415.

 

Lindenberg, E., and S. Ross (1981). “Tobin’s Q Ratio and Industrial Organization,” Journal of Business, 54, 1-32.

 

Lindeneg, Klaus (1992). “Prioriteringsmetoder, styringsmidler og mekanismer,” Økonomisk Institut, Københavns Universitet.

 

Linn, S. C., and J. J. McConnell (1993). “An Empirical Investigation of the Impact of ‘Antitakeover’ Amendments on Common Stock Prices,” Journal of Financial Economics, 11, April, 361-399.

 

Linter, John (1965). “The Valuation of Risk Assets and the Selection of Risky Investments in Stock Portfolios and Capital Budgets,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 47, 13-37.

 

Linter, John (1969). “The Aggregation of Investor’s Diverse Judgements and Preferences in Purely Competitive Security Markets,” Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, dec, 347-400.

 

Lippman, S., and R. Rumelt (1982). “Uncertain Imitability: An Analysis of Interfirm Differences in Efficiency Under Competition,” Bell Journal of Economics, 13, 418-438.

 

Lipsey, R. G., and K. Lancaster (1956-57). “The General Theory of Second Best,” Review of Economic Studies , 24, no. 63, 11-32.

 

Littlechild, S.C., and G. Owen (1980). “An Austrian Model of the Entrepreneurial Market Process,” Journal of Economic Theory, 23, 361-379.

 

Liu, T. C. (1960). "Underidentification, Structural Estimation, and Forecasting," Econometrica, 28, 855-865.

 

Llewellyn, Karl N. (1931). “What price contract? An essay in perspective,” Yale Law Journal, 40, May, 704-751.

 

Lo, Andrew W., and Craig MacKinlay (1990). “Data-snooping Biases in Tests of Financial Asset Pricing Models,” Review of Financial Studies, 3, 431-468.

 

Loderer, Claudio F., and Kenneth Martin (1997). “Executive Stock Ownership and Performance: Tracking Faint Traces,” Journal of Financial Economics, 45, 2, 223-255.

 

Loderer, Claudio F., and D. P. Sheehan (1989). “Corporate Bankruptcy and Managers’ Self-Serving Behavior,” Journal of Finance, 44, 4, 1059-1075.

 

Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio (1994). “Determinants of Privatization Prices,” Manuscript, Harvard University.

 

Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio, A. Shlifer, and R. W. Vishny (1997). “Privatization in the United States,” RAND Journal of Economics, 28, 3, 447-471.

 

Lord, Richard A., and William Beranek (1999). “Operating Characteristics and Operating Risk: Additional Empirical Evidence,” Quarterly Journal of Businesss and Economics, 38, 3, 41-50.

 

Lorie, James H., and Victor Niederhoffer (1968). "Predictive and Statistical Properties of Insider Trading," Journal of law and Economics, 11, 35-51.

 

Loughran, Timothy, Jay Ritter, and Kristian Rydquist (1994). “Initial Public Offerings: International Insights,” Pacific-Basin Financial Journal, 2, 165-199.

 

Lowenstein, Louis (1985). "Management Buyouts," Columbia Law Review, 85, Iss. 4, 730-784.

 

Lucas, R. E. (1976). "Economic Policy Evaluation: A Critique," in Karl L. Brunner (ed.), The Phillips Curve and Labor Markets (supplement to The Journal of Monetary Economics), 19-46.

 

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