Page info: *Author: Mathiesen, H. *Document version: 2.4. *Copyright 1997-2019, H. Mathiesen. Legal notice. 


Exhibition: The covering-law model of scientific theories


Introduction: The source of the figure below is Machlup [1955, page 13]. However, it was Hempel and Oppenheim [1948] that originally developed the covering law model as a model to describe the structure of scientific theories in general. Furthermore, philosophical discussions about induction and deduction go as far back as Hume [1748]. The message of the covering-law model is that a scientific theory is composed by two basic elements, namely explanans and explanandum, and that the production of scientific theories implies inducing explanans from facts and deducing explanandum from explanans. You may click the links within or below the figure for further explanations.


Note: All bold text in figure below can be clicked to obtain more information (If  you can’t click here).



- Copyright 1997-2019, H. Mathiesen. Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. Legal notice.