Page info: *Author:Mathiesen, H. *Document version:2.5. *Copyright 1997-2017, ViamInvest.Legal notice.



 

Table: Definitions - Certainty, risk, and uncertainty

 

Introduction: These definitions are consistent with those commonly used, e.g. Taha [1987, page 428].

 

Certainty

Risk

Uncertainty

Implies perfect information. All relevant information to the problem is known.

Implies partial information. Some of all the relevant information to the problem is stochastic.

Implies incomplete information. Some of all the relevant information to the problem is missing.

Variables (x) are known with certainty:

if quantitative.

if qualitative it may either be present with certainty or not be present.

Variables may include certainty variables but at least one variable is random and represented by a probability density function (PDF):

if quantitative.

if qualitative it may either occur, with probability or it may not occur, with probability (1-p).

Variables may include risk variables but now at least one is either unknown or cannot be determined:

Xu is unknown. Something is influencing the problem but we do not know what it is. In statistical tests this compares to the influence of the residuals.

Xi is known but its value is indeterminate. It canít be reasonably approximated with a PDF.

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